Practice and Theory in Systems of Education


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Editorial Board


CONTENTS
Volume 9 Number 3 2014
ISSN 1788-2591 (Online)
ISSN 1788-2583 (Printed)


Réka ASZTALOS:
The Move Structure of Confirmation Emails: A Genre Based Investigation of a Sub-Genre of Business Emails,
pages 201-212

This exploratory study provides a genre-based analysis of a small corpus of confirmation emails written by Hungarian business students, as well as tests the applicability of Zsubrinszky's (2009) Email Genre Model (EGM) to the corpus. Besides contributing to genre based research, it also aims to generate information about Hungarian students' emails for pedagogical purposes. Thus, typical linguistic features expressing the rhetorical moves and common language mistakes are identified. Results indicate that the EGM is suitable to describe the student emails with slight modifications. The analysis of linguistic structures revealed that students use a large number of formulaic expressions, which might also be the reason for the relatively few but typical language mistakes in the corpus. The results can be used to formulate pedagogical implications for the teaching of Business English in Hungary.

András MEDVE, Mária DUDÁS, Kornélia LAZÁNYI:
Entrepreneurial Aptitude of Students of Óbuda University with the Intention of Starting a Business Venture,
pages 213-220

Not everyone is fit to become a successful entrepreneur. Since the number of places at Óbuda University's Entrepreneurship Development masters program is limited, we tried to assess the entrepreneurial aptitude of our bachelor level students intending to start their own business venture. Among 179 bachelor students of business administration intending to start a business, about 50% were suitable to start a successful venture according to their entrepreneurial aptitude scores. The scores did not show any significant correlations with the age or gender of the respondents, however significant differences arose when comparing the mean scores for each of the statements of the test. On the basis of the results it is advisable to test the students applying for the Entrepreneurship Development masters program, since even those, who are actively considering becoming an entrepreneur as a life-choice are not always fit to turn into a successful one at their present state.

György KÓNYA:
The Impact Assessment of the "Our Environment in the XXIst Century" Project in Secondary Schools,
pages 221-235

There are many methods have become general nowadays with which the teaching and learning can be made more successful. Beside teamwork, situational game and debate, the project method is becoming more and more widespread. This method reinterprets the traditional lesson activities. It gives a chance for children to move at its own pace in order to achieve a common goal. Project work is a much applied method in environmental education too. Its significance is that through their independent activity resulting from their interest, students get possession of such knowledge and attitudes that is more difficult to reach by other methods of environmental education. From this consideration applying of the "Our Environment in the XXIst Century" project has took place, which is dealing with environmental problems that are closely related to our daily lives.

Vera STOJANOVSKA, Marina VASILEVA:
Digitized Children's Games from The Past in Function of the Realization of the Matematics Curriculum in Primary Education,
pages 236-244

Cultural development of the modern society, scientific technological and technical level today is a challenge for teachers, where they should respect the traditional didactic principles in the implementation of the teaching process, but, in the same time to think how to convert modern trends in skills of 21st century skills that will be appropriate to the content and organization of contemporary teaching. This paper analyzes the curriculum for mathematics First, Second and Third grade for nine years basic education in terms of the possibility of applying their performances within digitized children's games from the past, as future potential founding in learning through games. It is an innovative approach to the creative use of children's games last century and their digitization of modern ICT. As Kinekt and Xbox offer a way to respect the basic principles of didactic, to implement the same as Game Based Learning, where with physical activity offers students the option to digitize and already forgotten kids games as part of the cultural heritage of the world globally. The variety of games and their different rules, playground space, materials with which they play offering multidimensional approach in realization of the purpose of teaching almost all subjects, according to the ages and opportunities of the students and their individual development characteristics. Mathematics curriculum springs, based on the main laws of teaching that is significantly affect the overall teaching process in all components of its organization.

Mariann VÁRALJAI:
The Role of ICT Use in Changing Learning Environment and its Impact on Well-Being,
pages 245-251

These day's lifelong and dinamically variable mobile learning environment the modern technologies (electronic, mobile and network devices) used by the learning activities reached a decisive role. The information gathering process can change using these technologies, which raises a significant question: how to transform the gathered information into valuable knowledge? The information obtaining and resource management are definitely determining factors in the learning process. The learning process takes place either individually and independently or collaborating with peers made, the question is how the students can cope in the learning process.

Nárcisz KULCSÁR:
Making Bridge between Mathematics and Real Life in Mass Higher Education,
pages 252-256

Nowadays all over Europe higher education faces the problems of mass education which is a new research topic in education science. The rapid growth of participation has a strong impact on tertiary education from the nano (individual) level to the supra (international) level.

Milos DJORDJEVIC:
Necessity and Need for Organizing Primary School Art Classes in Art Museums and Galleries,
pages 257-265

This paper is based as platform for research of optional learning resources and materials in settings of educational system in Republic of Serbia. Conceptual framework of the primary school education program for Fine Art subject, in lower classes (of mentioned environment), is carried through various organizational forms of teaching. Most of them involve work within classroom, depending on included curriculum topic. While there are many ways in which a scientific approach to teaching is important, too much emphasis on the science of teaching depersonalizes the teaching and learning process, and this does have certain ethical consequences. On the other hand, it is indicative that information, provided in different kind of circumstances rather exclusively in school classrooms, have much deeper impact on children and on the ways they receive and comprehend those information. Most efficient, as proven in practice, are methods which put children in adequate active position during learning process. In case of Fine Art subject that would certainly be organized visits to art museums, galleries as well as art studios.

Judit TORGYIK:
Roma Education Policies in Some European Countries,
pages 266-274

In the past few years, the development of the education of Roma people has had an important role in the education policies of the EU member countries. A few decades ago in western countries they only made efforts to control the lifestyle of travelling people, but today the realistic aim of building an inclusive society has brought new perspectives into Europe. In the following paragraphs, I am going to present the efforts of the last few years on the basis of EU documents and the relevant specialised literature.

Monika KECSKÉS:
Music and it's Education in Franciscan Monastery of Pest in the 18th Century,
pages 275-284

In the age of Counter Reformation, recatholisation just such Orders could be effective, which were active as teaching order as well. In the Carpathian Basin at this time we find three orders from this type: Jesuits, Pauliner and Franciscans. At early ages Franciscans did merely pastoral activity. During the 18th century every Franciscan monastery had a public school. 17 secondary schools were in the hands of Franciscan friars. They used the pattern from Jesuits, built up their schools like Jesuits, had liturgical dramas in Latin as Jesuits. At the and of the 17th-18th century numerous Franciscans were active in Hungary.

Ilona SZÓRÓ:
Adult Learning and Education in the Reading and Farmer's Circles in the 1940s,
pages 285-294

In the first half of the 20th century the rural society, the inhabitants of small villages and farms were in difficult situation in the field of adult education. The main problem was the deficient infrastructure and narrow circumstances. This gave a great importance to social organizations and civil associations in adult learning. So the reading circles and farmers circles played an important role in the organizing of the public and adult education. These small local communities, organised from below, carried out a significant task in raising the general knowledge of the society, development of the civic competence and the economic further education. A form of adult educational activity of the reading circles represented the public knowledge courses. These courses served the raising of the level of general knowledge and awareness, and partially the introduction of the social and political conditions to the inhabitants. The different economic courses were attended with great interest. Among the economic courses had the highest rank the so called "Silver Wheatear" education (of 3 months), and the course named "Golden Wheatear" of 1 year, the completion of which was acknowledged by the Ministry of Agriculture as a secondary agricultural qualification. The reading circles played a determining role not only in the increase of the general education and the extension and modernization of the economic expertises in the rural society, but they contributed to the results of the cultural socialisation by transmitting new community behaviours, forming the views to a large extent, in order to develop a more informed rural society having an opener view.

Oktaviia FIZESHI:
The Education in the Elementary Schools of Transcarpathia in the Czechoslovakian Period,
pages 295-302

The purpose of the article is to analyze the development of the elementary school in Transcarpathia in the context of the systemic educational transformations during the period of stay Transcarpathia in part of Czechoslovakia. And the culture of this region is based on the tolerant relationships between people of the different nationalities (over 30) who inhabit Transcarpathia. Should also be noted that during this period take place a big reformist activity of both the state and the public in the field of the elementary education. Priority directions are the national idea, providing instruction in mother tongue, the widespread use in the practice of the elementary school the advanced ideas of the European pedagogical science.


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